is an important hormone produced from the pituitary gland in te brain. Its main functionis help to stimulate and
maintain breast milk production. Hyperprolactinemia describes an
excess production of this hormone in a human’s body.
It’s normal to have this medical condition during pregnancy months or when producing milk for
Certain conditions or use of specific important medications, however, can cause
hyperprolactinemia in anyone.
The causes and effects of production high prolactin levels in the
body vary depending on a person’s sex.
It can also be a part of normal body changes during pregnancy and breastfeeding. It can also be
caused by diseases affecting the hypothalamus portion and pituitary gland. It can also be
disruption and lake of the normal regulation of prolactin levels by drugs, medicinal herbs and
heavy metals inside the body.
Hyperprolactinaemia may resulting of disease of other organs
likeas the liver, kidneys, ovaries and thyroid gland disorders.
Prolactin consider a peptide hormone which produced by the anterior pituitary gland that is
associated with lactation and plays a vital and important role in breast physiological
development during pregnancy period.
Hyperprolactinaemia may cause many disorders like: galactorrhea (production profuse and
spontaneous flow of breast milk),
Infertility, and disruptions in the normal menstrual period in women;
and hypogonadism, infertility and erectile dysfunction that is in men.
One of the common cause of hyperprolactinemia is increased growth or tumor on the
pituitary gland which cause it getting worst.
So the resule is clinical case called a prolactinoma. The tumor will cause production of high
levels of prolactin. These tumors can be
large or small and are usually benign, meaning they are not cancerous. Large size tumors
can also cause headaches, vision problems or both of them.
Prolactinomas occur more common in women than in men in general and rarely occur in
Hyperprolactinemia is caused by pregnancy — which is normal durig this period.
According to a 2013 studyTrusted Source, pituitary tumors may be the main cause of about 50
Percent of hyperprolactinemia. A prolactinoma is tumor that already forms inside the pituitary
These tumors are noncancerous. But they can cause symptoms and signs that are different
for depending on a person’s sex.
Acid H2 blocker, lik,>>ranitidine (Zantac) and cimetidine (Tagamet) medication.
Antihypertensive medications, like verapamil (Calan, Isoptin, and Verelan) medication
Antidepressant drugs like>>> desipramine (Norpramin) and clomipramine (Anafranil)
Cirrhosis, or severe scarring of the liver disease.
Cushing syndrome, which can result from high levels of the hormone cortisol causing fat
accumulation on boy.
Infection,inflammation,disorders, tumor, or trauma of the hypothalamus
Anti-nausea medication such as metoclopramide (Primperan, Reglan)
symptoms of hyperlactonaemia
:Symptoms in f
loss of libido lactationinfertility
erectile dysfunction pain in breasts
:Symptoms in malemales
pause in menstrual cyclees
(abnormal breast growth (gynecomastia
loss of sexual desire